Space Strategy - Episode 18: Bhavya Lal: “Incorporating the Solar System into Our Economic Sphere” - The Relevance of Artemis and NASA to National Strategy and National Security

Related Categories: Science and Technology; SPACE; NASA; China; Europe; India; Japan
Related Expert: Peter Garretson

In this episode, Senior Fellow in Defense Studies Peter Garretson interviews Dr. Bhavya Lal, senior advisor to the NASA Administrator on Budget and Finance. They discuss NASA's Artemis Lunar Program, the Chinese Space Program and Commercial Sector, why the Moon and human presence is important, the promise of nuclear power and propulsion, and NASA's relevance to the Climate Change task force. They examine the soft-power implications of sustained presence and how leadership translates into benefits that accrue to the first-mover. They consider how NASA is fulfilling its charter to maximize commercial participation through investments in space commercialization, space industrialization, the scale of space resources, in-situ resource utilization and on-orbit servicing assembly and maintenance (OSAM), public-private-partnerships, and the role of government in building a vibrant commercial sector. They review whole-of-nation tie-ins to Artemis, including DOE, USGS, and cooperation memos with USSPACECOM and USSF. They cover the key technologies the US must advance for a spacefaring future of development and settlement. They examine NASA's role in planetary defense and resource mapping. They discuss NASA's charter to " to the maximum extent possible, the fullest commercial use of space." They conclude with the actions necessary for America to sustain its leadership.

Bhavya Lal:


CLPS: Commercial Lunar Payload System:

Space Policy Directive 1: ‘‘Lead an innovative and sustainable program of exploration with commercial and international partners to enable human expansion across the solar system
and to bring back to Earth new knowledge and opportunities. Beginning with missions beyond low-Earth orbit, the United States will lead the return of humans to the Moon for long-term exploration and utilization, followed by human missions to Mars and other destinations;

NASA Charter: "(c) The Congress declares that the general welfare of the United States requires that the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (as established by title II of this Act) seek and encourage, to the maximum extent possible, the fullest commercial use of space" AND "the United States is committed to maintaining world leadership in space transportation;
making the Space Transportation System fully operational and cost effective in providing routine access to space will maximize the national economic benefits of the system" 

China International Lunar Research Station:

China Commercial Space:   

Wolf Amendment: 


Roles for other Agencies on the Moon: 

National Academies Study on Nuclear Propulsion:

NASA Nuclear Thermal:


NASA Fission Surface Power:

Executive Order Promoting Small Nuclear Reactors for Space Exploration

NIAC: NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts Program

NIAC examples of resource mining:



NASA LEO Freeflier:

NASA Private Astronauts:

Planetary Defense Coordination Office:



Inspiration 4:

Activities of Last Space Council:

A New Vision for Deep Space Exploration and Development:

National Space Council User's Advisory Group:

Climate Change Task Force:'s,implementation%20of%20a%20whole%2Dof%2D 

China Maps its Space Program onto Climate and UN Development Goals at 1hr 28 min in: 

NASA Space Manufacturing:



NASA Commercial Crew:

John Marburger: "Incorporate the Solar System into Our Economic Sphere"