His Wednesday speech acknowledged difficulties Russian researchers, engineers, and entrepreneurs face, particularly in the realm of finance.
Moscow’s efforts to keep data on home soil are of interest to other authoritarian states — and even some liberal democracies.
China and Russia have not only expanded their military cooperation but are also undertaking more extensive technological cooperation, including in 5G, artificial intelligence, robotics, biotechnology, new media and the digital economy.
Sino-Russian relations have been adapting to an era of great-power rivalry.
With joint dialogues, incubators, and technology parks, Beijing and Moscow are seeking to overcome deficiencies and compete with the United States.