Space Strategy - Episode 16: Victoria Samson: Constructing International Norms for Space

Related Categories: Arms Control and Proliferation; Military Innovation; Missile Defense; Science and Technology; SPACE; NASA; China; Russia
Related Expert: Peter Garretson

In this episode, Senior Fellow in Defense Studies Peter Garretson interviews Victoria Samson, Washington Office Director for Secure World Foundation. They discuss 'space sustainability,' The Consortium for Execution of Rendezvous and Servicing Operations (CONFERS), the problem of space debris, the construction of international norms through unilateral precedent, bilateral and multilateral fora, the Artemis Accords, arms control theory, the status global counter-space and anti-satellite weapons, classification issues, space traffic management, Space Force roles and missions, and a positive agenda for international cooperation and space norms.

Victoria Samson:



Artemis Accords:  

SWF counterspace threat report:

CSIS counterspace threat report:

Aerospace report on norms:

Ploughshares report on norms:

RAND publication on responsible behavior in space:

SWF Biden administration briefing book:

SWF's Handbook for new actors in space:

International Code of Conduct (ICOC):


No first placement of weapons in space:

Article: US should take the lead in space arms control discussions:

Responses to UN's query on responsible behavior [UNGA 75/36] (SWF response at bottom):

UN Secretary-General report summarizing the submissions in response to UNGA 75/36:

SWF fact sheet on LTS:

Long-Term Sustainability (LTS) guidelines, (Victoria notes: A/74/20, para 163 and Annex II:

UN Arms Control, Outer Space, and Norms:

Ploughshares' website in general has a lot of good stuff on space norms: