As Central Asians seek to design structures of cooperation that fit their needs, they should certainly build on the achievements of the late 1990s.
Getting to better relations with Turkey will not be easy. But it’s far from impossible.
This book argues that American and European policies toward Central Asia and the Caucasus suffer from both conceptual and structural impediments.
U.S.-Turkish relations have deteriorated for some time. But until recently, no one would have thought that the American and Turkish militaries, closely allied since the 1950s, could end up confronting each other directly. Yet in northern Syria today, that is no longer unthinkable.